Front Page Chronology Works Influences Life & Times In His Own Words Musical Instruments Discs Quiz

YEAR BEETHOVEN: A Selective Musical Chronology
1770 born December 16 in Bonn to Johann van Beethoven, tenor and violinist of the Elector of Saxony, and Magdalena Kewerich
1778 gives first recital on May 26
1780 becomes a pupil of Christian Gottlob Neefe, organist at the Court of Bonn and director of the National Theater
1783 replaces Neefe at the Court; publishes a sonata, 2 pieces from the Bossless anthology, a fugue and a rondo
1784 composes a rondo and a piano concerto
1785 composes 3 quartets
1787 travels to Vienna where he meets Mozart, returns to Bonn to visit his ailing mother who dies July 17
1789 enrolls at the University of Bonn; becomes legal head of the Beethoven family when his father is dismissed as a court singer; becomes a violist in the court theater orchestra
1790 composes 2 cantatas for the Emperor's death and music for a ballet
1791 writes a few pieces for a violin concerto; Mozart dies December 5; becomes music teacher of the von Breuning family and friend of Count Waldstein
1792 composes a trio for strings; departs for Vienna, where he lives for the rest of his life; his father Johann dies
1793 studies with Haydn, then with Johann Schenk, Johann Georg Albrechtsberger, and Antonio Salieri
1794 composes Trio for Pianoforte, op. 1; gives first performance at the Burgtheater; has first symptoms of deafness
1796 travels to Nuremberg, Prague, Dresden and Berlin where he composes Sonata for violoncello, op. 5; composes Sonata for Pianoforte, op.2, nos. 1-3 which he dedicated to Haydn
1797 composes Sonata for Pianoforte, op. 7, two cello sonatas, piano sonata for four hands, the Austrian War Song, Serenade, op. 8
1798 composes Sonata for Pianoforte, op. 10 and the Sonata for Violin, op. 12; Neefe dies
1799 composes Symphony No. 1, Sonatas op. 13 (Pathëtique), op.14, and three violin sonatas
1800 composes Quartet for Strings, op. 18, the Septet, op. 20, the Piano Concerto, op. 37, the ballet The Men of Prometheus, op. 43; conducts his Frist Symphony
1801 composes the Spring Sonata, op. 24 and the Pastoral (Sonata for Pianoforte, op. 28)
1802 writes the Heiligenstadt Testament, a moving letter revealing his deepest thoughts at a time of personal crisis; composes variations on the the Eroica, the Moonlight Sonata, op. 27, and Symphony No. 2, op. 36
1803 works on the Eroica; completes and performs the Piano Concerto op. 37, and the Kreutzer Sonata
1804 composes the Waldheim Sonata, op. 53 and the Appassionata, op. 57
1805 first public performance of the Eroica on April 7, as is Fidelio, his only opera; composes the Piano Concerto No. 4, op. 58 and Overtures Nos. 1 and 2 for Leonore
1806 composes Overture No. 3 for Leonore, Symphony No. 4, op.60, the Violin Concerto, and the Rasoumowsky Quartet, op. 59; Fidelio is revised and performed again
1807 first performance of Symphony No.4 and the Piano Concerto No. 4; composes Symphony No. 5, op. 67, the Coriolan Overture, the Missa (which premieres Sept 13 at Eisenstadt)
1808 composes Fantasy for Piano, Chorus and Orchestra, op. 80; completes Symphony No. 6 (Pastoral); performs Piano Concert No. 4, premieres Symphonies No. 5 and 6
1809 French attack and capture Vienna; completes Piano Concerto No. 5, Quartet, op. 74, Sonatas for Pianoforte, op. 78, 79, 81 and the song Mignon
1810 meets Bettina Brentano, one of several women associated with Beethoven; sets Goethe's Egmont to music, composes Quartet, op. 95; Piano Concerto No.5 premieres in Leipzig
1811 composes The Ruins of Athens and Archduke Trio
1812 meets Goethe; writes Immortal Beloved letter; composes Symphony No. 7 and No. 8
1813 composes the cantata The Glorious Moment; Symphony No. 7 and Wellington's Victory premiere
1814 after another revision, Fidelio is completed and successfully performed; composes Sonata for Pianoforte, Op. 90
1815 composes the two Cello Sonatas op. 102, and the Scottish Songs, op.108; becomes guardian of his nephew Karl
1816 composes Sonata for Pianoforte, op. 101 and Six Songs for An die Ferne Geliebte
1817 writes first score of Symphony No. 9
1818 composes the Hammerklavier Sonata, begins Missa Solemnis
1820 composes Sonata, op. 109
1822 composes Sonatas for Pianoforte, op. 110 and 111; completes Missa Solemnis; composes Overture to Weihe des Hauses, op. 124
1824 completes and premieres Symphony No. 9; composes Variations, op. 120 and the Diabelli Variations; premieres Missa Solemnis for Archduke Rudolph
1825 Quartet, op. 127 premieres in Vienna; composes Quartets op. 130 and 132, and Grand Fugue, op. 133
1826 composes Quartets, op. 131 and 135; becomes ill with pneumonia
1827 dies on March 26





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FIDELIO - his only opera

The SYMPHONIES as Chamber Music?



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