FRANZ SCHUBERT: A CHRONOLOGY OF HIS LIFE
1797 Born January 31 in Liechtental near Vienna, the 4th of five surviving children of Franz Schubert, a schoolmaster, and his wife Elizabeth
1807 Started lessons in violin, piano and singing from the local choirmaster
1808 Became a soprano chorister at the Stadtkonvikt, a private boys' school
1810 Wrote a fantasy for piano (four hands), his earliest surviving composition
1812 Began studies with Antonio Salieri; finished one act of an opera, Der Apiegelritter; composed string quartets and orchestral overtures; year of mother's death
1813 Entered a teachers training college; composed First Symphony and began writing Des Teufels Lustschloss, a 3-act opera
1814 Became an assistant teacher at his father's school; conducted his first mass; met poet Johann Mayrhoff who later became a friend and collaborator; composed his first great song, Gretchen am Spinnrade
1815 Composed Second and Third symphonies, 4 operas and some 150 songs, including Erlkönig; met Franz von Schober, a dashing dilettante who became an influential member of Schubert's circle of friends
1816 Finished Fourth and Fifth symphonies and more than 100 songs, including Seligkeit
1817 Lived with Schober in Vienna for the summer; met the baritone Johann Michael Vogl who became the foremost interpreter of his songs; wrote seven sonatas and about 60 songs
1818 Tutored the daughters of Count Esterházy in Hungary in the summer; became permanent resident of Vienna; wrote Sixth Symphony
1819 Traveled with Vogl in Upper Austria; composed the Trout Quintet
1820 Die Zwillingsbrüder and Die Zauberharfe performed; composed Quartet Movement in C minor and the song Die Vogel
1821 First Schubertiade (social gathering devoted to Schubert's music) held at Schober's place; Erlkönig's first public performance by Vogl and first publication as Opus No. 1; composed more songs including Der Jungling an der Quelle
1822 Completed opera Alfonso und Estrella, libretto by Schober; dedicated piano variations to Beethoven; wrote Unfinished Symphony and the Wanderer Fantasy and more songs including Du liebst mich nicht and Der Musensohn
1823 Entered Vienna General Hospital for treatment of syphillis; composed operas Die Verschworenen and Fierrabras which were not performed; wrote the song-cycle Die schöne Müllerin; two performances of the play Rosamunde with incidental music by Schubert
1824 Tutored Count Esterhazy's daughters again; composed String Quartet in A Minor and String Quartet in D Minor ("Death and the Maiden")
1825 Traveled again with Vogl in Upper Austria; composed three piano sonatas and songs to texts from Lady of the Lake by Walter Scott
1826 Wrote Quartet in G Major, the song Im Frühling, and settings for three Shakespeare songs
1827 Served as torchbearer at Beethoven's funeral; became an honorary member of the Vienna Philharmonic Society; began but did not complete his last opera Der Graf von Gleichen; wrote two Piano Trios, piano Impromptus, the song-cycle Winterreise and other songs including Heimliches Lieben
1828 Organized the only public concert of his music in his lifetime; composed F Minor Fantasy, Mass in E Flat, String Quintet, his last three piano sonatas, the Swan Song Cycle and Der Hirt auf dem Felsen, a piece for soprano, clarinet and piano; completed the Ninth Symphony; died of typhoid fever on November 19 at age 31 and was buried beside Beethoven



 

SCHUBERT & LIEDER A CHRONOLOGY DIE SCHÖNE MÜLLERIN ART SONGS & SONG CYCLES HOME

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